(Art provided by Dave Windett: http://www.davewindett.com/)
(Art provided by Dave Windett: http://www.davewindett.com/)
We all know who Jack Kirby is right?
Okay, so for anyone who doesn’t know the name all you need to know is that Kirby was the main artist and one of the biggest creative voices behind many of Marvel’s greatest superheroes. The man had one of the most prolific art careers in comic book history (there are stories out there that said he could draw five to six pages a day) but was sadly, and unfairly, overshadowed by his more famous counterpart: Stan Lee.
With such a legendary career you would think that Kirby created nothing but legendary stories. Sadly, that wasn’t the case as evidenced by today’s hero: Stuntman.
Origin and Career
Our hero made his first appearance in the self titled Stuntman #1, which was published in April of 1946.
A couple of things to note here. First, the cover claims that it’s not a comic book. Instead, it’s a comic novelette which makes me think the comic’s creators were trying to create something a bit classier than the throwaway pulp that made up most of the comic book scene of the 1940’s. Second, you’ll notice that the book was created by Jack Kirby AND Joe Simon, the creator of Captain America.
So we have not one, but two of the greatest comic book creators of all time working on single project. This ought to be good.
The story starts off with a criminal gang trying to shake down a travelling circus, implying that there will be several accidents if management doesn’t pay up.
Sadly, the criminals succeed in killing the circus’ greatest act: a group of high flying acrobats known as “The Flying Apollos”
The only survivor is their young ward Fred who vows revenge and accidentally runs into a movie star/amateur detective named Don Daring.
What? Is the origin of an acrobatic superhero who used to work for a circus before his parents were murdered starting to sound a bit familiar to you? Shut up and focus on the excellent artwork!
Anyway, Fred takes a job as Don’s stuntman in his pictures with the purpose of getting a new job and working with Don in order to solve the case by acting as bait for the killer. Fred is eventually attacked and decides to don a costume to go after the killer
Hmmm, could use more black.
Don discovers that it was a circus manager who was behind the crime all along, but before he can carry out his dastardly deed he is ambushed by the Stuntman and the day is saved.
The rest of Stuntman’s adventures would have a similar theme to them. Don would do all of the detective work while Fred would swoop in as the Stuntman to do the fighting. The two men were a duo, dynamic even, and their adventures all centered around the entertainment industry and the various people looking to fleece audiences and entertainers alike.
For a Golden Age comic the writing and artwork were fantastic. But then again, that’s what you expect from the minds and talents of Jack Kirby and Joe Simon. Surely the Stuntman would go on to become one of the greatest superheroes of all time.
So what happened?
The Stuntman Comic only lasted three issues and the character would only make nine appearances for a single year.
Honestly, considering the talent behind the character and quality of the artwork and writing, I’m really surprised it only lasted that long. Maybe it was the post war backlash against superheroes, or maybe it was Harvey Comics’ decision to focus on licensed characters instead of original content.
but sadly we were deprived of more excellent stories.
However, it’s safe to say that the legacy of the Stuntman superhero lives on in another circus performer who watched his family get murdered before his eyes and eventually wind up fighting crime under the guidance of a rich amateur detective.
Okay, so maybe Stuntman bears too much of a resemblance to Robin for comfort and maybe if the title had kept going Harvey would have found themselves on the receiving end of a DC lawsuit, but I honestly think that comic book fans and readers missed out on something fantastic with this Golden Age hero created by two of the greatest comic book creators of all time.
This Saturday is Veteran’s Day.
For our non American readers, this is a holiday where America honors those who have served in the armed forces in conflicts past and present. It’s also an exciting time for this blog because it’s a great time to talk about war comics!
When looking at the time period, it’s easy to see why war comics became so popular. America found itself at war and sent thousands of young men and boys to go off and fight in Europe and the Pacific.
However, America had the advantage of being separated from the conflict by two massive oceans and it’s people didn’t have to come face to face with the true horrors of war. With that being said, the United States became a military industrial powerhouse during the war and almost the entirety of American culture became obsessed with doing their part for the war effort and protecting the home front.
Comic books took advantage of this shift in popular culture, and stories about ordinary soldiers fighting against the forces of evil were quite popular during the Golden Age of Comics both during and after the war. Many of the greatest artists and writers of the Golden Age of Comics made a living writing and drawing war stories which resulted in some of the most complex and interesting stories of the time, along with some absolutely breathtaking artwork.
The intent and purpose of the war stories that were written during this time was also pretty varied. War and combat stories ranged from fantastical adventure stories for young boys staring ordinary soldiers fighting in fantastic situations,
to very thinly veiled propaganda stories promoting American patriotism and fighting spirit.
It’s worth noting that most of these adventure and propaganda stories were created and published during the Second World War. After that war was over and the Korean War began a lot of comics became much more realistic and brutal in their depictions of war.
So there’s a brief rundown of the early history of war comics. Unfortunately, since most of the early stories have so much talent behind them and were published by the big important publishers of the day, there isn’t a whole lot of material out there for free reading. However, today’s comic is available in the public domain and is a pretty interesting look at the early days of the war comic genre.
Today we’re going to talk about the thinly veiled propaganda hero The Unknown Soldier.
Origin and Career
The Unknown Soldier made his first appearance in Our Flag Comics in 1941. He was published by a company called Ace Comics and was the title character of the series.
The funny thing is, despite the fact that he was popular enough to appear on the cover of his debut issue, I can’t find any information on who created him or drew his story.
The hero himself has an interesting backstory, mostly because he really doesn’t have one.
He’s just a super being who appears out of nowhere firing explosive bullets and using his superpowers to defeat injustice and oppressive “gangster nations”.
What makes this kind of interesting is that this has some pretty close ties to real world American military culture. In Washington D.C you can visit a memorial at Arlington National Cemetery that honors the unnamed American soldiers who died in every war America has ever fought.
It’s called the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier and while the comic doesn’t tie the hero to the memorial, I like to think the creators of the story had this monument in mind when they wrote it.
Anyway, in his debut issue the Unknown Soldier helps defeat the Nazi invasion of Britain.
It’s worth mentioning that in 1941 this was actually a scenario that was terrifyingly plausible.
However, in this comic the Nazis don’t succeed because of superior tactics or planning, in fact their kind of idiots, but because of English traitors willing to betray their country to the Nazis known as Fifth Columnists. We actually get to meet one and learn about his motives. His name is John Jennings and he has made the classic mistake of believing that his country would be better under the rule of Nazism.
The Nazi war machine starts rolling and crushes everyone in its wake.
Thankfully the Unknown Soldier arrives just in time to murder every Nazi he can lay his hands on.
Naturally, the invasion is turned back but not before the story does something really unique and interesting. Remember the British fifth columnist John from the beginning? He has a change of heart when he and his gang of saboteurs attempt to blow up a hospital.
He actually redeems himself and dies a hero’s death while protecting his mother.
All while the superhero stands by and does nothing.
So the story isn’t actually about the Unknown Soldier, it’s actually a story of redemption for a man who was once blinded by ideology and hatred and sacrificed himself for a noble cause.
Pretty good stuff for a Golden Age Comic.
After that first adventure the Unknown Soldier continued in a similar capacity. While the stories were actually about ordinary people doing their part for the war effort, the Unknown Soldier would show up when it was time to knock heads or save someone from dying.
He wasn’t a hero with a secret identity, he was a representation of America’s fighting spirit.
Also, he got a costume change.
Despite all the murder done by our hero the creators were quick to make sure that the Nazis were just as bad if not worse. Case in point, they invade Manhattan and use flamethrowers on civilians.
So what happened?
Our Flag Comics only lasted five issues, but The Unknown Soldier was popular enough to be moved to another title called Four Favorites where he did pretty much the same thing.
He lasted for over 16 issues until November of 1945 when he fell into the public domain.
While this Unknown Soldier would fade from the public eye, the idea and name would continue when DC comics published another character called The Unknown Soldier in Our Army at War #168 in 1966.
The comic was created by DC legends Robert Kanigher and Joe Kubert, two men who knew how to create a really good war comic.
This version of the Unknown Soldier was a lot more tangible and slightly more realistic. Instead of a real superhero, the Unknown Soldier was an intelligence operative who was so disfigured that he had to bandage his face.
He was actually a master of disguise and in his final appearance, he kills Hitler and disguises himself as the dictator to end the war without further loss of life.
This iteration proved to be a bit more popular and he got a new limited series in 1997 under the Vertigo imprint at DC.
As for the original Unknown Soldier, he would make a slight comeback in 2008 when Dynamite Entertainment launched their Project Superpowers title to bring many of the Golden Age public domain heroes back into the mainstream.
He was renamed “Soldier Unknown” to avoid copyright issues with DC.
As a superhero the Unknown Soldier is not a very good one. He’s bland, he has no backstory or secret identity, and he’s even more overpowered than Superman. But that’s not really important. The Unknown Soldier isn’t a hero, he’s a symbol of something much greater than himself, the creators who made him, and any single person. He is the personification of the fighting spirit that rises up against tyranny and oppression, and while it would be nice to have known his name, it’s important that we know that he did his job so we could live.
Happy Veteran’s Day everyone.
It’s nearly Halloween, and if I had a better sense of timing and theme I would have done what lots of other comic book journalists and writers do and dedicated the entire month of October to horror comics.
The horror genre is an incredibly popular genre for comic books with plenty of opportunities for fantastic art with strange and shocking story material that is perfect for grabbing the readers attention and persuading them to buy the book. In fact, I would go as far as to say that if wasn’t for superheroes, horror comics would be the most popular comic book genre today.
We’ve talked about how the post World War II comic book scene saw a boom in horror titles, particularly the rise of EC Comics with their shocking and grotesque morality tales such as Tales from the Crypt.
But the history behind the horror genre goes back a little farther. These creepy and horrific stories have their roots in the pulp magazines and penny dreadful novels that were the ancestors of comic books and the first horror comics were simple adaptations of those works. Many people consider Classic Comics’ The Tale of Dr. Jekell and Mr. Hyde to be the first horror comic published in August of 1943.
But the first standalone horror comic, the one that would lay the ground work for the genre’s explosion of popularity, would come four years later in 1947 and today we’re going to talk about it. It’s title was Eerie Comics and it was the first standalone horror comic book ever published.
Avon Publishing was created in 1941 as part of the American News Company. It was originally intended to be the publisher of a type of book known as “dime novels” which were cheap, exploitative works that enthralled readers with anything from lurid romance to exciting adventure.
These were the kinds of magazines that H.P Lovecraft published his stories in.
Naturally, Avon was the right kind of publisher for comic books, although they shied away from superheroes and stuck to the material that kept them in business, which led to the creation of Eerie in 1947.
Despite the inherent cheapness in the publisher and the medium it was created for, the comic actually had some pretty solid talent behind it. While the writer was a relative unknown named Edward Bellin, the artistic team was amazing. There was Fred Kida,
who created a Golden Age superhero named Air Boy and would go on to find steady work in comic strips, particularly in Marvel’s Spider Man comic strip in the 1980’s.
There was George Roussos,
who worked for Marvel as an inker and helped Jack Kirby create some of the most iconic stories in Marvel,
(yes he inked that one)
and the whole thing was overseen and pencilled by comic book legend Joe Kubert.
While he is famous for his artwork, perhaps Mr. Kubert’s greatest legacy is the school of comic book art that bears his name.
Anyway, the book itself was an anthology series containing six stories of strange events and horrific consequences for the wicked. The stories themselves are pretty tame, with such an amazing team of artists on this book it was only natural for the artwork to be gorgeous.
My personal favorite is the first story called The Eyes of the Tiger.
It follows a man who tries to get a life insurance policy but is rejected because of his poor health.
Apparently he wants to leave his policy to his cats, but the best part? He threatens the doctor with a live tiger.
The man wakes up in the middle of the night to find himself being chased by a tiger and winds up suffering from a heart attack and dying.
I love this story for just how absolutely ridiculous it is. Never mind that a man wants to leave all his money to his tigers, never mind that he hallucinates a tiger attack, the insane part of the story is that it treats an insurance company like they’re the good guys.
So what happened?
For some reason the first issue of Eerie was pulled from newsstands after it was published. However, as the horror genre continued to gain in popularity the series was brought back in 1951.
The title ceased publication in August of 1954, probably because of the backlash against comics in the 1950’s.
Eerie would continue life as a science fiction anthology series called Strange Worlds,
and that lasted until 1955.
While audience’s appetites for lurid and suggestive comic books would wane, Avon would do just fine. They discontinued their comic book line in the mid 1950’s and spent the rest of the century staying true to form, especially in the romance novel market. Currently, they’re operating as an imprint of Harper Collins and specialize in romance novels.
Eerie was a strange little comic. On one hand, the writing was kind of crappy and it only had one issue for several years before someone decided it was popular enough to be rebooted. On the other hand, it deserves its place in history as the first original horror comic ever published and the grandfather of all the horror comics that came after it.
Plus, it’s amazing how something that old can look that good.