So it’s September 11th today.
They say everyone who is old enough to remember 9/11 remembers exactly where they were when they heard the news. I don’t know if this is true for everyone, but I remember being in middle school and being hurried into an auditorium by the entire staff and not really understanding what was going on until much later.
September 11th was an important event in American history and for American comics as well. For starters, it was the deadliest attack on American soil by a foreign threat since Pearl Harbor.
We all know that Pearl Harbor was the principal event that brought the United States into World War 2, but it was also the event that guided the direction of American comics towards superheroes,
and war comics.
If we take a step back this makes a lot of sense. Comic book publishers saw that the American people needed escapist power fantasies where all their problems could be solved by walking metaphors that could punch their problems in the face and this trend would continue as America became a world wide military superpower that became increasingly involved in world affairs.
Just like Pearl Harbor, 9/11 was an event that rekindled our interest in superheroes.
and it even revitalized an interest in modern military narratives, although these tended to find their way into video games and other forms of media.
Once again, it was a way for American culture to make sense of our place in the world and give a brightly colored metaphor to our problems. The only differences were that our heroes fought in Afghanistan instead of Europe and a lot of creators had to deal with a more complex and morally grey fallout.
In many ways post 9/11 America paralleled post Pearl Harbor America and comic books were there to document and process it.
I know it happened a long time ago, that it brings up painful memories that a lot of us would like to forget, and that many of us would like to keep the political and social fallout that the event caused out of our comic books, but stuff like this is important and needs to be talked about.
So today I’m going to give a brief overview of three comics that dealt with the events of 9/11 and a little bit about the background and influences of each one.
Amazing Spiderman #36
This comic hit the stores on December of 2001, a mere two months after the attacks. As a result, it is the closest out of the three comics to the actual attacks, during a time when it was still terrifyingly fresh in our minds and we were all still standing together against a threat that we really didn’t understand.
Out of all the superheroes in the modern pop culture cannon, Spiderman is probably the one who is most connected to New York, and one of the most hard hit by the events of 9/11.
While New York has always had a special place in comic books as the birthplace of the American superhero industry, Spider Man has had a special relationship with the city. He’s the city’s defender, the protector of the ordinary people living there, and I’m willing to bet that he’s incredibly grateful for all of the tall skyscrapers around that allow him to actually use his webs effectively.
The attacks would even have an effect on the Sam Raimi Spiderman movie, forcing Sony to remove a shot of the Twin Towers from a trailer,
and inspiring Sam Raimi to include a “this is New York! If you mess with him you mess with all of us” scene into the movie.
The comic itself was written by the legendary writer J. Michael Straczynski and was drawn by Marvel stalwart John Romita Sr. It isn’t part of a larger story, it’s just Spiderman wandering the wreckage of Ground Zero and trying to process it all.
Now, I have seen some criticism over the years about this comic, and I can kind of see why. There’s a page where some of the most violent and destructive villains in the Marvel Universe are just standing in the wreckage, doing nothing.
Hell, this wasn’t even the first time that Marvel destroyed the Twin Towers in their version of New York. Juggernaut did it in an issue of X-Force in 1991 and laughed about it.
but this is not the kind of comic if you ask me this comic deserves our attention and respect as a way for a company that is so engrained into the culture of New York to come to terms with an event that shook the city and the country to its core.
In the Shadow of No Towers
In the Shadow of No Towers was published in 2004 and was written by indie comics legend Art Spiegelman, the author of the groundbreaking graphic novel Maus.
Mr. Spiegelman is a native New Yorker and was there during the attacks. He was a contributor to the New Yorker magazine at the time and is responsible for the cover of the magazine published on September 24th 2001.
He’s also a big fan and advocate of comics and takes a lot of inspiration from a lot of the early comic book artists, and it shows in his work. The book itself is much more personal than the Spiderman comic, but at the same time it has something more to say about the event and its impact.
On one hand it’s about the author himself and where he was during the attacks. His daughter was attending school near the Twin Towers on that day and the author is not afraid to talk about the fear and terror of actually being up close and personal to an event like that was.
On the other hand, this book was published in 2004 and while we had come to grips with the attack itself, we were neck deep in the consequences that the attack wrought on American culture and politics. Specifically we were at the beginning of what would become a long, drawn out military occupation in Afghanistan and Iraq.
Spiegelman saw what was going on, how the attacks were being used to justify spending billions of dollars and killing thousands of American troops (along with Lord knows how many Iraqi and Afghani citizens), and he was not happy with what he saw.
This book uses old school comic characters and techniques to talk about 9/11 and its aftermath and it is really worth checking out.
This comic came out the same time as In the Shadow of No Towers but instead of being a one off graphic novel, it was a 50 issue comic series that lasted six years and was published by DC Comics.
The series was created and written by Brian K. Vaughn,
who has been doing a lot of great comic book work and is most well known for creating the indie mega hit Saga.
Now, Vaughn is not a native New Yorker but he did go to New York University and got his start there and, according to the author himself, he created Ex Machina as a rant against the political leadership of the time.
The comic presents an alternate history of New York and America. It’s a future where there is a single superhero called “The Great Machine” and he manages to stop one of the planes from crashing into one of the towers. In the aftermath he is elected to become mayor of New York City and the comic deals with his term in office.
The comic is a political drama and out of the three titles we’ve talked about it is probably the most detached from the actual events of 9/11. While it actually changes the events of that day, it uses the superhero story to tell a gripping and meaningful story that shines a light on American politics and how our country’s leaders used the Twin Towers to guide the American public towards the future we are living in now. The comic is brilliant and it is definitely worth your time.
So there you have it, three different comics, by three different types of comic professionals, talking about the same event through different viewpoints and motivations. And while it is important to acknowledge the fallout and changes to our culture and way of life, it is important to never forget what happened and how we can ensure it will never happen again.
Now it’s time for another Kickstarter comic that I find really interesting. Let me tell you about a book called Frankenstein for Mayor.
The comic is a 76 page story about partisan politics in Transylvania, and an attempt by the lower class werewolves to usurp the incumbent mayor Dracula with their candidate: Frankenstein.
The project is created by Jack Wallace, Chris Allen, and Reinaldo Lay and is seeking $2,000 through Kickstarter in order to fund their first issue.
The project currently has $1,061 and has 21 days left.
Kickstarter link: https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/2001641902/frankenstein-for-mayor-comic-about-partisan-politi?ref=category_newest
Why I like it
I honestly think that Frankenstein’s monster would make a fantastic elected official.
Let’s consider some of his strengths as a political leader.
He hates fire, so he would ensure that our fire departments were well funded,
He’s a big believer in science and loves children, so he would ensure that our schools ran well,
and he is the literal embodiment of “speak softly and carry a big stick” so we could rely on him to adopt a firm yet gentle stance on foreign policy. But perhaps most importantly, he is a man of the people,
several people actually.
I like this comic because it recognizes the potential that someone like Frankenstein has for all matter of social and political commentary and that leads me directly into…
Why you should donate
Because it’s the kind of comic we need in today’s day and age.
Let’s face it folks, we’re at a point in American and world politics where it’s either a joke at best,
or terrifying at worst.
The thing is, politics have almost always been like this, and comics and cartoons have almost always been a part of showing how ridiculous it can all be.
We only have to look at the work of people like Thomas Nast,
to realize that politics are a joke and the cartoonist is the little boy showing all of us that the emperor has no clothes.
What we need are people who are willing to look at the big picture and show just how ridiculous and over the top it is, and what better way to show both the hilarity and horror of modern day politics than Frankenstein’s monster and all of our favorite horror villains.
Kickstarter link: https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/2001641902/frankenstein-for-mayor-comic-about-partisan-politi?ref=category_newest
Sigh, so we can all agree that these last couple of months have been pretty crappy right?
I’m not going to go into any great detail on this matter, you can watch the news for that, but I will say that if the heroes that I write about in this blog were alive and around today…I’d think they would be very disappointed.
I thought this would be a good place to put the picture of Captain America punching Hitler, but I thought this one would be more apropos.
Thank you Superman.
The sad truth is that the reality of the situation is, and always has been, complicated. While these comic books were created to provide a morale boost to the men and women fighting against fascism,
fascism had a very real presence in America since it became a thing.
Yes, those are swastikas next to the American flag and a picture of George Washington. This is a picture from 1938 at a Nazi rally in New York. This was a thing right up to the point where we started fighting the Nazis.
One of the things that we’ve been seeing in a lot of these Golden Age comics are superheroes who don’t go off to Europe to fight the Nazis, they find plenty of them here. While there was a war to fight across the ocean a comic book hero could always find a spy ring, saboteurs, or enemy agents hiding around with plans to disable the war effort.
Maybe the heroes saw that there were other threats that were much closer to home, or maybe they just wanted to save money on air travel.
Either way, let’s dive into some escapism and talk about a hero who held down the home front against the scourge of Nazi spies: the eloquently named Spy Smasher.
Origin and Career
Spy Smasher was first published by Fawcett Comics and was created by Bill Parker and C.C Beck, the two men who originally created Captain Marvel.
The hero made his first appearance in Whiz Comics #2 in February of 1940, an issue that was actually the first issue of the Whiz Comics title and has one of the most iconic covers in comic book history.
The story starts off with a literal bang, someone is sabotaging American military vessels.
Wait, $20 million dollars for an aircraft carrier? What a bargain!
Naturally this worries a lot of very powerful men in Washington, and one man decides to share potentially dangerous information with his daughter and fiancee.
Nazi spies in America? Preposterous!
Meanwhile, the spies themselves have been busy and decide to steal plans for a mine laying ship, only to be foiled by the timely arrival of the Spy Smasher. They are led by a fairly creepy individual known as “The Mask”.
The hero manages to pursue the villains in his Gyrosub. This is a vehicle that serves as a helicopter, an airplane, speedboat, a submarine, and a completely ridiculous looking vehicle.
Eat your heart out Batmobile!
Long story short, the hero winds up defeating the spies, even though the main villain escapes.
The day is saved and the plans are returned.
In a fairly ballsy move, the creators didn’t reveal the identity of the Spy Smasher in the first issue. In fact, they didn’t reveal the secret identity of the Spy Smasher for most of his stories. Sure, it may have been a clever marketing ploy, but even children would have thought it was weird that Spy Smasher and Alan Armstrong were never in the same panel together, and how Alan disappeared whenever there was trouble, or how Spy Smasher had a strange fascination with the woman who was Alan’s fiancee.
Spy Smasher was Alan Armstrong is what I’m trying to say.
It turned out that Spy Smasher’s battles with his arch nemesis the Mask turned him into a pretty popular hero. He was so popular that he actually had a crossover with Captain Marvel in Whiz Comics #16 where he turned evil and tries to hypnotize the hero into doing his bidding.
But it’s okay because it turned out that it had all been a ploy by the Mask to hypnotize and brainwash the now dead Mask to do his bidding.
Spy Smasher continued to have a career after the war, although he did change his name to Crime Smasher to fit with the times.
So what happened?
Alan Armstrong remained a popular staple of Fawcett Comics, right up to the point where they were forced to stop publishing comics in 1953 after losing a lawsuit to DC Comics that claimed they had ripped off Superman.
While Captain Marvel would go on to have a pretty successful career (he’s called Shazam! now due to copyright issues) Spy Smasher fell by the wayside. I guess when there are just no more spies to smash you don’t really have a future. Why they didn’t decide to use him to hunt Soviet spies is beyond me.
Spy Smasher would go on to have a limited career, barely used but not forgotten. One of his most notable appearances was in the excellent tv show Justice League Unlimited where he appeared in the opening of the episode “Patriot Act”,
and in Gail Simone’s Birds of Prey series she introduced a character named Katarina Armstrong, a highly skilled global anti terrorism agent with a costume that was heavily inspired by the original Spy Smasher.
While she looks like Spy Smasher and has his last name, any potential relationship the two may have had is not revealed.
In many ways Spy Smasher had the same career trajectory that a lot of Golden Age superheroes had. He was popular in the 1940’s and while he fell by the wayside after the comics industry crashed, he was fondly remembered by those who knew and would go on to be an influence for the superheroes of the future.
If you ask me it’s a crying shame that nobody uses him any more, I’m sure he wouldn’t mind coming out of retirement to fight a few more Nazi spies on American soil.